Syria

SYRIA

Syria, probably, went through the bloodiest uprising. Here, protests started on January 26. Slowly they grown to huge fights and internal conflicts. The biggest escalation began in the middle of March. In this time a group of students, in Deraa,  put up graffiti which showed anti-government content. They were arrested and tortured. This made citizens angry and the fights on the street started which spread also to other parts of the country. People demanded resignation of President Bashar al-Assad, freedom of press and speach and also, which is most important, equal rights for Kurds. Government launched a series of crackdowns. Tanks were sent into cities and fire on demonstrators was opened. Security forces used them to force citizens off the streets, as well as snipers had to eliminate specific “objectives”. Water and electricity were shut off. Government started to confiscate flour and food. Conflict in Syria was much more difficult then in previous countries because Syria itself is not stable inside and it is highly ethnic divided. Assad’s family and military belong to the Alawite sect which is an offshoot of Shi’ite Islam and they represent 12% of the total Syrian population. About 75 % of Syrians are Sunni Muslims. There is also ethnic minority – Syrian Kurds, who complained over discrimination and denial of their cultural rights such as speaking Kurdish language and usage of Kurdish flag.

By July, hundreds of thousands took to the streets across Syria. Society were divided. People did not integrate to fight against Assad. They fought against eachother. Those for and against President Assad. This made Syrian fights the bloodiest. Violence escalated and the civil war began. Special brigades were formed by government to control cities and villages. In 2012, bloody fights reached Damscus and Aleppo.

According to UN, 90 000 people had been killed by June 2013, but just a year later that number had been doubled. The War turned into not only political and ethnic conflict but also religious, which gave beginning to Islamic State creation. A commission of UN proved that both sides of the conflict have committed war crimes: murder, rape, torture and enforced disappearances. They have also been accused of blocking access to food, water and health services. In the city of Aleppo, government decided to dropp barrel bombs and 3000 people have been killed. UN says that most of the civilian massacres have been deliberately planned. Islamic State has been accused of conducting campaign of fear, beheadings of hostages and mass killings of the security forces members and religious minorities.

Many of people criticize the policy of USA when they marched into Iraq in search of chemical weapons. The whole world saw results of chemical attacks on Kurds but USA could not find any chemical weapon in Iraq and most of the people think that Saddam has never used it. Syria gives us an example that chemical weapon was and still is available in this region and Assad did not hesitate to use it against his own citizens.

In August 2013, rockets were fired at districts around Damscus. They were filled with the sarin. It is classified as a nerve agent. It is the most toxic and rapidly acting of the known chemical warfare agents. Sarin is a clear, colorless, and tasteless liquid that has no odor in its pure form. Houndreds of people were killed. Assad was afraid of US military intervention and He agreed to the complete removal and destruction of chemical weapons. Even though this mission was completed by UN, many times other substances were used to attack Syrians such as chlorine and ammonia.

Since the beginning of the conflict about 3 000 000 people have feld Syria. This is one of the biggest drama for these people. They were forced to leave families, houses, all belongings  and live in camps for refugees. They didn’t know where they go, which country will allow them to live on its land, they were at the mercy of the world with only one suitcase.  Moreover, 6 500 000 people, which half of are children, had to leave families and houses and were displaced inside Syria. All together, 50 % of the population was forced to move to other place to live.